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Design for a Glasgow School of Art Club 'Programme'
Level of description
Content and Structure
Scope and content
Featuring two seated, semi-clothed female figures integrated amongst swirling plant forms.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
Name of creator
Frances Macdonald’s achievements are less well known than those of her sister, Margaret Macdonald. In part this is due to the loss of much of her work, destroyed by her husband, Herbert McNair, after her death, and in part to the fact that she left Glasgow in 1899. Nonetheless she produced some of the most powerful imagery of the Glasgow Style, and her late symbolist watercolours are moving meditations on the choices facing women.
Frances was born in England and moved to Glasgow with her family by 1890. She enrolled as a student at Glasgow School of Art where she met Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Herbert McNair. In the mid 1890s Frances left the School and set up an independent studio in the city centre with her sister, Margaret Macdonald. Together they collaborated on metalwork, graphics, textile designs and book illustrations, exhibiting in London, Liverpool and Venice. Following her marriage in 1899 to Herbert McNair she joined him in Liverpool where McNair was by then teaching at the School of Architecture and Applied Art. The couple designed the interiors of their home at 54 Oxford Street and exhibited a Writing Room at the International Exhibition of Modern Art, Turin. Macdonald also started teaching, and developed skills in jewellery, enamelwork and embroidery. The closure of the School in the early 1900s led to a gradual decline in their careers, compounded by the loss of the McNair family wealth through business failures. The couple returned to Glasgow around 1909. It was in the following years that Macdonald painted a moving series of symbolist watercolours addressing themes related to marriage and motherhood. She died in Glasgow in 1921.
For further information consult ed. Jude Burkhauser, ‘Glasgow Girls’, Canongate Press, 1990 and Janice Helland, ‘The Studios of Frances Macdonald and Margaret Macdonald’, Manchester University Press, 1995. An exhibition of the McNairs’ work was held at the Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow, in the summer of 2006, subsequently touring to the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool from January to April 2007.
Invitation for a social event held in the Institute of Fine Art Galleries, Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow, 25 November 1893 Exhibited: Japan, Suntory Museum, Isetan Museum of Art, Mie Prefectural Art Museum; 2000. Illustrated in accompanying catalogue
Physical Description and Conditions of Use
Conditions governing access
Conditions governing reproduction
Language and script notes
Lithograph; green ink on white paper. Inscribed: Frances E Macdonald Inv.E.Delt (b.l.)
Dimensions: 352 x 225 mm
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
GB 1694 MC/A/18
Rules and/or conventions used
ISAD(G): General International Standard Archival Description - Second edition
Digitised item (Master) rights area
Digitised item (Reference) rights area
Digitised item (Thumbnail) rights area