Series GSAA/REG/10 - Article 55 class records

Key Information

Reference code



Article 55 class records


  • 1901-1952 (Creation)

Level of description



35 boxes, 11 linear metres

Content and Structure

Scope and content

These papers comprise material relating to the administration of the Article 55 classes run by Glasgow School of Art between 1901 and 1965. Records in this series include class registers, class lists, correspondence, and enrolment forms. Class registers record details of attendance by students including examinations attended, examination marks, the number of days and hours attended and whether attending Thursday or Saturday classes. Class lists record details of students enrolled in each class. Often there are also lists which include the students' final marks. However there is a separate run of class lists at the end of the main run of papers in this series (REG/10/54) which include final marks. Apart from correspondence, administrative papers can sometimes be found such as copies of blank certificates, prospectuses, and notes on class finances. Enrolment forms are also known as entrance slips or admission slips, changing their names over the years. Details recorded include desired course and session to be enrolled upon, name and address of student, date of birth, whether a certified or assistant teacher, name of school in which employed, previous attainments in subject; previous attendance in subject under Article 91(d)/Article 55, number of hours attended, marks. Over the years different types of forms are used. Noticeably, applications for admission to the summer courses were made on the Glasgow Provincial Committee's own forms which are different from the School's forms and called application forms. Finally this series also contains four volumes relating to the Article 55 classes (REG/10/55-58). These are listed at the end of the series and include index and fees books.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

This material has been appraised in line with Glasgow School of Art Archives and Collections standard procedures.


System of arrangement

The material was received in lever arch folders each containing papers relating to an academic session. The material was removed from these folders in December 2000 into archive storage boxes but still reflects the chronological filing system previously used. At the time of listing the following files were not filed in folders along with the rest of the material but were stored loose in boxes. As they appear to be part of the main run, they have been incorporated into it: REG 10/9, REG 10/12, REG 10/14, REG 10/17, REG 10/48.

General Information

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Archival history

Article 55 was the name of the Regulations for the Training and Certification of Teachers instituted by the Scotch Education Department aimed at providing teachers with training in drawing. Originally introduced in 1900 as Article 91(d) of the Scotch Code of Regulations for Day Classes they were renamed in 1906 as Article 55. By completing Article 55 courses teachers could gain a qualification enabling them to teach drawing in schools. In 1901 Francis Newbery, Glasgow School of Art's Director at the time, introduced Article 91(d) classes; in-service courses for teachers were instituted at the School by arrangement with Lanark County Council's Technical Education Committee.

In 1905 Newbery introduced the Public School Teacher's Drawing Diploma which could be awarded to those students completing three years of training. Work was extended over a period of three sessions and was divided into three courses; first, second and third. At the end of each course provisional certificates were issued and when the third course was completed the full diploma was awarded. After completion of their diplomas students had the chance to continue with more advanced instruction, post diploma study, whereby it was possible to earn endorsements upon their diplomas.

In 1906 the Glasgow Provincial Committee for the Training and Certification of Teachers was established by the Scotch Education Department and Glasgow School of Art became a centre for teacher training. It was also at this time that the classes were renamed Article 55. Classes were now run under the auspices of the new Provincial Committee and it was they who took over responsibility for the first and second year courses leaving the School of Art to concentrate on the more advanced classes.

In 1906 when the School awarded its first diplomas to full time students the Drawing diploma was renamed the "Public School Teacher's Certificate in Drawing". Article 91(d) and Article 55 Classes were held on Saturdays between October and March. From 1908 classes were also held on Thursday evenings. Classes were open to all teachers in primary, intermediate and secondary schools. 1906-1907 saw the introduction of a two year post certificate course in art needlework and in later years similar two year post certificate courses were introduced including repousse metalwork, silversmithing, and enamels; woodcarving; pottery; leatherwork; painted work or applied design; bookbinding. Between 1906 and 1911 Christmas vacation courses for those wishing to obtain certificates and post certificates were run. The School also ran summer courses from 1908 with students attending from all over Scotland.

In 1922-1923 there was a change in the structure of courses; the two year post certificate courses were collectively named "craft courses" and could be taken as certificate courses also. In addition, in order to receive a certificate for any of the craft courses, a course in design was required to be completed first.

Custodial history

These papers were originally created by the Secretary and Treasurer. The responsibility for their creation and maintenance passed to the Registrar on the establishment of the office of Registrar in 1943.

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Administrative Information

Description identifier

GB 1694 GSAA/REG/10

Institution identifier

GB 1694

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAD(G): General International Standard Archival Description - Second edition


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