Collection DC 072 - Papers of Garcia Hunter, student at The Glasgow School of Art, Scotland

McDonalds Ltd Christmas Gifts catalogue featuring woman with flowers and parcels on front cover Design for McDonalds Ltd christmas catalogue featuring woman's face and shop front (Version 1)

Key Information

Reference code

DC 072

Title

Papers of Garcia Hunter, student at The Glasgow School of Art, Scotland

Date(s)

  • c1930s-1960s (Creation)

Level of description

Collection

Extent

53 Items

Content and Structure

Scope and content

Includes:

  • fashion and jewellery sketches and illustrations
  • product catalogues for companies such as McDonalds Ltd, Watt Brothers and Whitneys Ltd featuring Garcia Hunter's fashion illustrations
  • newscuttings featuring advertisements using Garcia Hunter's illustrations
  • annotated photographs of Garcia Hunter
  • correspondence.

This material may contain sensitive information about individuals that is protected by the Data Protection Act. Until this material has been checked for sensitive information, it will not be available for researchers. Once this Data Protection work is complete the collection will be open for access, however any sensitive information will be closed and inaccessible for 75 years from the date of creation.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

This material has been appraised in line with Glasgow School of Art Archives and Collections standard procedures.

Accruals

System of arrangement

Material has been arranged into five series: sketches and illustrations; catalogues and flyers; newscuttings; photographs, correspondence.

General Information

Name of creator

(c1905-1990)

Biographical history

Garcia Hunter was a student at Glasgow School of Art from 1923-1927. Following graduation, she spent two years working in advertising in London before setting up her own studio at 65 West Regent Street in the 1930s. Following her marriage in 1941 and the birth of her daughter in 1944, she took a break from her career. In 1947, Hunter returned to work, working from a studio in her own home. Drawing illustrations for the Daily Record, The Bulletin (which was sister paper to The Herald) and the Daily Express, she also carried out advertising work which appeared in the Evening Times and the Evening Citizen. Hunter also won numerous advertising commissions from clients including department stores like McDonald's, Frasers and Watt Brothers, furriers like Whitneys and Morrisons and ladies outfitters including Pettigrew's and Daily's, sketching wedding dresses and lingerie for posters and brochures. She was perhaps best known for her Garcia Girl page, which was the brainchild of then-Daily Record editor Alistair Dunnet. She would go out to functions on a Friday night and then draw the best frock of the night and write her copy over the course of the weekend. Women would buy the paper on a Monday to see who had been chosen as that week's Garcia Girl. She said that the last drawing she did before the deadline came out the best, as the deadline gave her an edge. It was unusual for a woman to do what she did at that time. She continued working into her 80s, and died in 1990.

Name of creator

(1913-1966)

Administrative history

Department store.

Name of creator

(1895-)

Administrative history

Newspaper.

Name of creator

(1877-1974)

Administrative history

Newspaper.

Name of creator

(1845-)

Administrative history

The Glasgow School of Art has its origins in the Glasgow Government School of Design, which was established on 6 January 1845. The Glasgow Government School of Design was one of twenty similar institutions established in the United Kingdom's manufacturing centres between 1837 and 1851. Set up as a consequence of the evidence given to the House of Commons Select Committee on Arts and their connection with Manufactures of 1835-1836, the Government Schools hoped to improve the quality of the country's product design through a system of education that provided training in design for industry. Somerset House was the first of such schools to be established, opening in 1837, and others followed throughout the provinces.

In 1853 the Glasgow Government School of Design changed its name to the Glasgow School of Art. Following the receipt of some funding from the Haldane Academy Trust, (a trust set up by James Haldane, a Glasgow engraver, in 1833), The Glasgow School of Art was required to incorporate the name of the trust into its title. Consequently, it became the Glasgow School of Art and Haldane Academy, although by 1891 the "Haldane Academy" was dropped from the title. Glasgow School of Art was incorporated in 1892. In 1901 the Glasgow School of Art was designated a Central Institution for Higher Art Education in Glasgow and the West of Scotland.

Initially the School was located at 12 Ingram Street, Glasgow, but in 1869, it moved to the Corporation Buildings on Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow. In 1897 work started on a new building to house the School of Art on Renfrew Street, Glasgow. The building was designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, former pupil of The Glasgow School of Art. The first half of the building was completed in 1899 and the second in 1909.

The Government Schools ran courses in elementary drawing, shading from the flat, shading from casts, chiaroscuro painting, colouring, figure drawing from the flat, figure drawing from the round, painting the figure, geometrical drawing, perspective, modelling and design. All these courses were introduced from the start at the Glasgow School apart from that of design. The course in design was the "summit of the system" where students came up with original designs for actual manufactures or decorative purposes and it was not until 1849, when Charles Heath Wilson became headmaster, that classes in design began to be taught. Also in this year Bruce Bell was engaged to teach mechanical and architectural drawing.

After 1853 the above pattern of courses was extended to 26 stages which formed the national curriculum for art schools. This system was known as the South Kensington system. An Art Masters could be awarded by gaining certificates in the available subjects. There was no restriction on entry and students could take as long as they wished to accumulate their passes before being awarded their Art Masters.

In 1901 the Glasgow School of Art was given the power to award its own diplomas. In the same year Art 91D classes for day school teachers commenced which were later known as the Art 55 classes. From 1901 to 1979 the School of Art awarded its own diplomas and thereafter it awarded degrees of the Council for National Academic Awards. In the 1970s the School of Fine Art and the School of Design were established. With the demise of the Council for National Academic Awards, from 1993 Glasgow University awarded the School's degrees in fine art and design. In 1885 the Glasgow School of Art taught architecture and building construction conforming to the South Kensington system. Following on from the designation of the School as a Central Institution and the empowerment of the School to award its own diplomas, the School and the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College worked together to produce a curriculum for a new course leading to a joint diploma.

In 1903 the joint Glasgow School of Architecture was established within the Glasgow School of Art in conjunction with the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College. For the new diploma design classes were to be taught at the School of Art and the construction classes at the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College. The first diplomas in architecture were awarded in 1910.

In 1924 the Glasgow School of Art became a university teaching institution when the University of Glasgow set up a BSc in Architecture which was to be taught at the School of Architecture. In 1964 the Royal College of Science and Technology (formerly the Royal Technical College, formerly the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College) merged with the Scottish College of Commerce to form the new University of Strathclyde. Following the merger the Glasgow School of Architecture came to an end, the last students transferring to Strathclyde degrees and graduating in 1968.

In 1970 the Mackintosh School of Architecture was established. It is housed within the Glasgow School of Art and forms that school's Department of Architecture. Its degrees are accredited by the University of Glasgow and its Head is the University's Professor of Architecture.

The Glasgow Government School of Design was originally managed, as were the other Government Schools, by the Board of Trade and a Committee of Management representing local subscribers. Then, in 1852, the Government Schools of Design were taken over by the Department of Practical Art. This Department was renamed the Department of Science and Art in 1853 and was located in South Kensington, London. The Committee of Management was replaced in 1892 by the Board of Governors. In 1898, control of the School was transferred again, this time to the Scotch Education Department (renamed the Scottish Education Department in 1918).

The School became academically independent in 1901 when it was free to develop its own curriculum and its own diplomas, subject to the approval of the Scottish Education Department. The chief executive of the School was the Headmaster, renamed Director in 1901, and a Secretary and Treasurer was responsible for all aspects of the administration of the School. As the School grew, other administrative posts were added.

Name of creator

(1817-)

Administrative history

Newspaper.

Name of creator

(c1900-)

Administrative history

Glasgow Department Store.

Archival history

Custodial history

Physical Description and Conditions of Use

Conditions governing access

Glasgow School of Art Archives and Collections are open for research by appointment. For further details, please refer to our Access Policy @ https://gsaarchives.com/policies

Conditions governing reproduction

Application for permission to reproduce should be submitted to The Archives and Collections at The Glasgow School of Art.

Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use and condition of material.

For further details, please refer to our Reprographic Service Guide @ https://gsaarchives.com/policies

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical Description

Includes product catalogues, illustrations, photographs, newscuttings and correspondence.

Finding aids

Related Material

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related materials

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Keywords/Tags

Place access points

People and Organisations

Genre access points

Administrative Information

Description identifier

GB 1694 DC 072

Institution identifier

GB 1694

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAD(G): General International Standard Archival Description - Second edition

Status

Level of detail

Processing information

  • Collection listed by K Wallwork. Descriptions imported from Excel spreadsheet and edited by Michelle Kaye, GSA Archives and Collections Assistant, 16th November 2012. Archives Hub description updated by Michelle Kaye, Archives and Collections Assistant, 11th January 2013.
  • Catalogue imported into Archon software and edited by Michelle Kaye, Archon Project Officer, April 2014.
  • Catalogue exported from Archon and imported into AtoM during system migration, 2018-2019.

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

Archivist's note

Finding Aid Authors: The Glasgow School of Art Archives and Collections.

Archivist's note

© Copyright 2014 GSA Archives. All rights reserved.

Accession area